Concept Maps...
Sample Concept Maps
Concept Map Presentation (Powerpoint)


Links to Concept Mapping Websites

General / How To: - Overview of concept mapping, and explanation of using concept maps as brainstorming tool. - Offers general background information, as well as useful discussion of different types of concept maps. - General information. - General information. - General information, useful discussion of how to create concept maps. - "Improving Note Taking with Concept Maps."

Software: - Most commonly used concept-mapping software. Site also contains information about theory, and instruction on mapping methods (see, for example, - Alternate concept-mapping software.

Theory: - "The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How To Construct Them," by J. D. Novak.

Examples / Uses: - Programmable concept map that demonstrates their potential complexity and possible application. - Map of cellular respiration. - Discusses practical application of concept map as a hypertext tool.

Additional Resources

Ausubel, D. P. (1963). The Psychology of Meaningful Verbal Learning. New York: Grune and Stratton.

Ausubel, D. P. (1968). Educational Psychology: A Cognitive View. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives--The Classification of Educational Goals. New York: David McKay.

Hyerle, D. (1996). Visual Tools for Constructing Knowledge. Alexandria, Virginia: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Novak, J.D. & Gowin, D.B. (1984). Learning How to Learn. New York: Cambridge University Press.

  ©Copyright 2003 Carnegie Mellon University
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 9653194. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.