Evolutionary Health
Co-Evolution of Disease & Living Conditions
Health Effects
What is Risk?
Environmental Risk
Risk Assessment
Risk Abatement
Risk Perception
Risk Management
Uncertainty & Other Features of Risk Assessment
Precautionary Principle
Appendix 1: Contaminants
Appendix 2: Environmnet & Reproductive Health
Internet Links
Other Resources
Health & Risk System PDF
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Appendix 1:
Environmental Contaminants, Pathways, and Effects


Tables 1-3 below delineate briefly the primary pathways and effects of various environmental pollutants. Food contaminants are very similar to drinking water contaminants. There is also a tendency of plants and animals to concentrate toxins. For example, radioactive strontium and mercury concentrate in milk and tissues of fish.

Table 1: Air Pollutants, their sources, and their respiratory effects.


Table 2: Drinking water contaminants, their sources, and their health effects.


Table 2: Food contaminants, their sources, and their health effects.



  ©Copyright 2003 Carnegie Mellon University
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 9653194. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.