Global Climate Negotiations
Salmon Management in Pacific Northwest
Municipal Solid Waste Siting Project
Golf Resort Water Project


The goal of this exercise is to establish binding emissions reduction targets agreed upon by all countries. These targets should include the following information:

  • How much? (in percent reduction in emissions)
  • By when?
  • By whom? (e.g. will all countries reduce equally?)
  • How will these targets be enforced?

In the negotiations, teams should be paying attention to the following issues:

  • Will you allow trading of rights to emit?
  • Will you give credit for certain behaviors (e.g. knowledge transfer)?
  • What kinds of rewards/incentives or punishments will lead to the most effective enforcement?
  • How do you deal with responsibility and equity issues between countries?
  • How should any treaty be implemented (e.g. should some countries be expected to come into line earlier than other countries)?

Each group must take this agreement back to their country for ratification, so they must be sure that the agreement is one that the government of their country will ratify.

Sample schedule:
1:00 - 2:00: opening speeches (each country has a maximum of 3 minutes)
2:00 - 2:30: first round negotiations
2:30 - 2:40: break
2:40 - 3:00: report on proposals as they stand
3:00 - 3:30: second round negotiations
3:30 - 4:00: agreement and wrap-up

  ©Copyright 2003 Carnegie Mellon University
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 9653194. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.